Rule number one:
Pronouns that are singular require singular verbs i.e
I, he, she, everybody, everyone, anyone, anybody, no one, nobody, someone, somebody, each, either, neither
1. Each of the girls sings well.
2. Either of us is capable of doing the job.
3. Neither of them is available to speak right now.
Rule number two:
If two people possess the same item and one of the joint owners is written as a pronoun, use the possessive form for both.
Incorrect: John and my home
Correct: John's and my home
Incorrect: him and John's home
Correct: his and John's home
Rule number three:
When 'who' refers to a personal pronoun (I, you, he, she, we, they), it takes the verb that agrees with that pronoun.
Incorrect: It is I who is sorry.
Correct: It is I who am sorry. (I am)
Incorrect: It is you who is mistaken.
Correct: It is you who are mistaken. (you are)
Rule number four:
A pronoun in the nominative form should be compared with the same form of the pronoun.
1. He is better than I.
2. I respect you more than him. (Two objectives are compared)
Rule number five:
We should use the personal pronouns in the order of 231 i.e second person, third person, first person.
Incorrect: I, he and you are to finish it.
Correct: You, he and I are to finish it.
Rule number six:
However, the order 1,2,3 is also possible when we admit guilt i.e first person, second person, third person.
For example: I, you and he have committed the sin.
Rule number seven:
When nouns are joined by 'and'
-If they refer to the same person, then pronoun for them should be singular.
-If they refer to a different person, then pronoun for them should be plural.
Incorrect: The Manager and Principal of the college told their vision statement.
Correct: The Manager and Principal of the college told his vision statement.
Incorrect: Ali and Ahmed are boasting about his rich father.
Correct: Ali and Ahmed are boasting about their rich father.
Rule number eight:
When a sentence starts with 'each' or 'every' and two singular nouns are joined by 'and', then we should use singular pronoun only.
Incorrect: Every dog and horse has lost their tail.
Correct: Every dog and horse has lost its tail.
Rule number nine:
The reciprocal pronouns 'Each other' and 'one another' are used as follows:
Each other- for two persons
One another- for more than two persons
1. Two sisters love each other.
2. Five brothers hate one another.
Rule number ten:
The verbs given as follows are followed by either an 'object' or a 'reflexive pronoun'.
Hurt, cheat, introduce, prostrate, present, absent, satisfy, prepare, enjoy, avail of
1. I introduced her to the Principal. (Her=object)
2. I introduced myself to the Principal. (Myself=reflexive pronoun)
3. He enjoyed the party. (Party=object)
4. He enjoyed himself at the party. (Himself=reflexive pronoun)
Rule number eleven:
The pronouns 'who, that, which' become singular or plural depending on the subject. If the subject is singular, use a singular verb. If it is plural, use a plural verb.
1. He is the only one of those men who is always on time.
2. He is one of those men who are always on time.
Do you want someone to teach you all these rules along with other important things and practice questions? The Nearpeer's online English MDCAT course covers everything in an easy and fun manner that you'll fall in love with English. Do enroll our Online MDCAT course now to get English and other subject's lectures. :)
Click here to Read More MDCAT related Blogs to Learn more about the right ways of Studying